What Is Venous Reflux Disease?

Venous reflux disease is a common condition affecting the leg veins in which the normal mechanisms that help push blood back to the heart, such as the vein valves and the pumping effects of the calf muscles, are impaired. As a result, blood flow becomes turbulent and eventually backs up and can even flow in reverse.

As venous reflux progresses it leads to a condition known as venous insufficiency, whereby the veins are unable to maintain sufficient blood flow to keep up with the flow of blood coming into them. The terms venous reflux and venous insufficiency are often used interchangeably. This chronic condition causes a number of painful symptoms and can lead to a variety of undesirable and challenging health complications.

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Symptoms of Venous Reflux Disease

Venous reflux makes blood flow sluggish and inefficient, causing blood pressure to build up in the veins. Symptoms of venous reflux are usually brought on by prolonged sitting or standing and relieved by rest. Increased venous blood pressure prompts your body to send you several unpleasant warning signs to let you know that there is a problem that needs to be addressed. These include:

If left untreated, as venous reflux disease progresses, advanced signs and symptoms may appear, including:

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Risk Factors for Venous Reflux Disease

While increased venous blood pressure is the direct cause of venous reflux disease, there are other underlying factors that contribute to elevated venous blood pressure. Some of the most significant risk factors include the following[1]:

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How Is Venous Reflux Disease Diagnosed

Venus reflux disease is diagnosed using ultrasound imaging, a painless, non-invasive procedure. Ultrasound can determine the speed of blood flow and the diameter of the blood vessels, showing precisely where the blood flow in your legs is reduced, turbulent, or blocked. An ultrasound imaging study, combined with a thorough health history and physical examination helps your doctor arrive at an accurate diagnosis and choose the best course of treatment for your individual needs.

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Treatment Options for Venous Reflux Disease

Empire Vein Specialists offers the most up-to-date treatment options available for venous reflux disease. These procedures permanently eliminate problem veins and the symptoms that go along with them. Depending on your symptoms and what your ultrasound study reveals, one or more of the following treatments may be recommended for you:

Why Choose Empire Vein Specialists for Treatment

Empire Vein Specialists is the top provider of VenaSeal™, the leading outpatient vein treatment, in the USA. All our physicians are board-certified and specialize in helping people with venous reflux disease. Empire Vein Specialists serves the greater Inland Empire area with three convenient clinic locations including Riverside, Ontario, and Temecula, each fully equipped with state-of-the-art technology. Our Fullerton and Victorville clinics are also opening soon to serve the residents of Orange County and the High Desert areas. From your initial phone call to follow-up care and beyond, our friendly and helpful staff will answer any questions you may have and provide you and your family members with unparalleled vascular health services.

To schedule a free consultation, please call 1-800-VARICOSE (1-800-827-4267) today.


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  2. Clinical and Genetic Determinants of Varicose Veins. Circulation, 2018. 138(25): p. 2869-2880
  3. Obesity and Lower Limb Venous Disease - The Epidemic of Phlebesity. Phlebology, 2017. 32(4): p. 227-233
  4. Interventions for Varicose Veins and Leg Oedema in Pregnancy. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2015. 2015(10): p. Cd001066
  5. Lower Limb Venous Insufficiency and Tobacco Smoking: A Case-Control Study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 2002. 155(11)
  6. The Influence of Environmental Factors in Chronic Venous Insufficiency. Angiology, 2003. 54 Suppl 1: p. S19-31
  7. The Influence of Age and Gender on Venous Symptomatology. An Epidemiological Survey in Belgium and Luxembourg. Phlebology, 2016. 31(5): p. 325-33
  8. Outcome of Closurefast Radiofrequency Ablation for Large-Diameter Incompetent Great Saphenous Vein. Ann Surg Treat Res, 2019. 96(6): p. 313-318